14. Maximes (c. 1699)
MS Locke e.1, p. 182. Knowledge is not derived from general maxims. Addition to the fourth edition of the Essay, IV.xii.3, ‘Of the Improvement of our Knowledge’. Locke’s autograph (L) is collated with the fourth edition of the Essay (4) (copy Bodleian Library L2742).
Relation with the Essay
 Addition to the fourth edition of the Essay, IV.xii.3, starting on p. 640, line 32 of Nidditch’s edition. There are substantive differences between the fragment on pages 32-52 and the version included in the fourth edition of the Essay. This suggests that the copy-text used for the Essay was not MS Locke e.1 but a later manuscript that has been lost. See the collation of the text with the fourth edition of the Essay.
 The text of the ‘Conduct’ is interrupted late in MS Locke e.1 by ‘Maximes’ on p. 182 and by ‘Monsieur Menage’ on p. 184. Locke gives page numbers and line numbers of the third edition to stipulate the intended place of these additions within the existing text of the Essay, and this is indeed exactly where they appear in print in the fourth edition. So these fragments must have been written before the fourth edition was printed in June/July 1699. Work on the ‘Conduct’ was started in 1697 (see 1. Of the Conduct of the Understanding (1697-1704) , but would drag on until 1701 or later (see 1. Of the Conduct of the Understanding (1697-1704) ). Given the late appearance of ‘Maximes’ and ‘Monsieur Menage’ in the ‘Conduct’ and assuming a chronological order of the entries in MS Locke e.1 (see 11. Enthusiasm (1695-1697) ), it it is likely that the date of composition of the two small fragments is closer to 1699 than to 1697.
 Not printed before in the present manuscript version.