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14. Maximes (c. 1699)

Section 1 (of 1)

Normalized

Maximes

For I desire it may be considerd what more certainty is there to a child or any one that his body is bigger than his little finger after you have given to his body the name whole and to his little finger part than he had or could have before, or what new knowledg concerning his body can these two relative terms give him which he could not have without them? Could he not know that his body was bigger than his little fingerif his language were yet soe imperfect that he had noe such relativenames as whole and part. I aske farther when he has got these names how is he more certain that his body is awhole and his little finger a part, than he was or might be certain before he learnt those terms. that his body was bigger than his little finger? Any one may as reasonably doubt or deny that his little finger is a part of his body as that it is lesse than his body. And he that can doubt whether it be lesse will as certainly doubt whether it be a part. Soe that the maxime the whole is bigger than a part can never be made use of to prove the little finger lesse than the body but when it is uselesse by being brought to convince one of a truth that he knows already. For he that does not certainly know that any parcel of matter with an other parcel of matter joynd to it is bigger than either of them alone, will never be able to know it by the help of these two relative terms a whole and a part make of them what maxime you please

Diplomatic

182

Maximes

For I desire it may be considerd what more certainty is there  th.. th. to a child that or any one that his body is  bigger than his little finger before than after  you have given to his body the name whole and to his little finger part  than he had or could have  before, or what new knowledg of their comparative greatnesse can this t. concerning his body can these two relative terms give him which he could not have without them? Could he not know that his body was bigger than his body little fingerif yet his language were yet soe imperfect that he had noe such names relativenames  as whole and part. I aske farther when he has got these names how is he soe more sure certain that his body is body is the awhole and his little finger a part, than he was or might be certain before he learnt those terms. that his little finger was lesse than his body was bigger than his little finger? Any one may as reasonably doubt or deny that his little finger is lesse a part of his body as that it is lesse than his body. And he that can doubt whether it be lesse will as certainly doubt whether it be a part. Soe that the maxime the whole is bigger than a part can never be made use of to prove the little finger lesse than the body but when it is uselesse by being brought to convince one of a truth that  he is knows already. For he that does not certainly know that any parcel of matter with an other parcel of matter joynd to it is bigger than either of them alone, will never be able to know it by the help of these two relative terms a whole and a part  put make of them into what maxime you please


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This draft starts with a reference to a passage in the third edition: (‘p. 368 l. 2 —— load of particulars.’) and was included after this passage in the fourth edition, Essay, IV.xii.3.

is there] 4: there is

body is] 4: Body, Little-Finger and all, is

little finger before than after] 4: Little-Finger and all

little finger part] 4: Little-Finger the Name part

had or could have] 4: could have had

names] 4: Terms

truth that] 4: truth which

a whole and a part] 4: whole and part
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